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Testing Real-time systems using UPPAAL


Anders Hessel, Kim Guldstrand Larsen , Marius Mikuèionis , Brian Nielsen , Paul Pettersson, Arne Skou

Publication Type:

Collection (Editor)


Formal Methods and Testing




This chapter presents principles and techniques for model-based black-box conformance testing of real-time systems using the Uppaal model-checking tool-suite. The basis for testing is given as a network of concurrent timed automata specified by the test engineer. Relativized input/output conformance serves as the notion of implementation correctness, essentially timed trace inclusion taking environment assumptions into account. Test cases can be generated offline and later executed, or they can be generated and executed online. For both approaches this chapter discusses how to specify test objectives, derive test sequences, apply these to the system under test, and assign a verdict.


author = {Anders Hessel and Kim Guldstrand Larsen and Marius Miku{\`e}ionis and Brian Nielsen and Paul Pettersson and Arne Skou},
title = {Testing Real-time systems using UPPAAL},
editor = {Robert M. Hierons, Jonathan P. Bowen, and Mark Harman},
pages = {77--117},
month = {January},
year = {2008},
publisher = {Spring-Verlag},
url = {}