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Specification and Semantic Analysis of Embedded Systems Requirements: From Description Logic to Temporal Logic


Nesredin Mahmud, Cristina Seceleanu, Oscar Ljungkrantz

Publication Type:

Conference/Workshop Paper


Software Engineering and Formal Methods





Due to the increasing complexity of embedded systems, early detection of software/hardware errors has become desirable. In this context, effective yet flexible specification methods that support rigorous analysis of embedded systems requirements are needed. Current specification methods such as pattern-based, boilerplates normally lack meta-models for extensibility and flexibility. In contrast, formal specification languages, like temporal logic, Z, etc., enable rigorous analysis, however, they usually are too mathematical and difficult to comprehend by average software engineers. In this paper, we propose a specification representation of requirements, which considers thematic roles and domain knowledge, enabling deep semantic analysis. The specification is complemented by our constrained natural language specification framework, ReSA, which acts as the interface to the representation. The representation that we propose is encoded in description logic, which is a decidable and computationally-tractable ontology language. By employing the ontology reasoner, Hermit, we check for consistency and completeness of requirements. Moreover, we propose an automatic transformation of the ontology-based specifications into Timed Computation Tree Logic formulas, to be used further in model checking embedded systems.


author = {Nesredin Mahmud and Cristina Seceleanu and Oscar Ljungkrantz},
title = {Specification and Semantic Analysis of Embedded Systems Requirements: From Description Logic to Temporal Logic},
isbn = {978-3-319-66197-1},
volume = {10469},
number = { pp 332-348},
month = {August},
year = {2017},
booktitle = {Software Engineering and Formal Methods},
publisher = {LNCS},
url = {}