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The Influence of Feedback Type in Robot-Assisted Training


Neziha Akalin , Annica Kristoffersson, Amy Loutfi

Research group:

Publication Type:

Journal article


Multimodal Technologies and Interaction





Robot-assisted training, where social robots can be used as motivational coaches, provides an interesting application area. This paper examines how feedback given by a robot agent influences the various facets of participant experience in robot-assisted training. Specifically, we investigated the effects of feedback type on robot acceptance, sense of safety and security, attitude towards robots and task performance. In the experiment, 23 older participants performed basic arm exercises with a social robot as a guide and received feedback. Different feedback conditions were administered, such as flattering, positive and negative feedback. Our results suggest that the robot with flattering and positive feedback was appreciated by older people in general, even if the feedback did not necessarily correspond to objective measures such as performance. Participants in these groups felt better about the interaction and the robot.


author = {Neziha Akalin and Annica Kristoffersson and Amy Loutfi },
title = {The Influence of Feedback Type in Robot-Assisted Training},
volume = {3},
number = {4},
pages = {67},
month = {October},
year = {2019},
journal = {Multimodal Technologies and Interaction},
publisher = {MDPI},
url = {}